According to ozorogist research about the urhobos, we get to know the truth about thier culture, way of living and how they manage their land.
We give kudos to most urhobo elderly men, urhobo youth, profession in urhobo and wikipedia
The Urhobos are people located in southern Nigeria, near the northwestern Niger Delta. The Urhobo are the major ethnic group in Delta State , one of the 36 states of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The Urhobos speak the Urhobo language .
The word Urhobo refers to a group of people rather than a territory. Approximately two million people are Urhobos. They have a social and cultural affinity to the Edo people of Nigeria. The Urhobo people live in a territory bounded by latitudes 6°and 5°, 15° North and Longitudes 5°, 40° and 6°, 25° East in the Delta and the Bayelsa States of Nigeria.
Their neighbors are the Isoko to the southeast, the Isekiri and Ijaw to the west, the Edo people , the Benin to the north, the Ijaw to the south and the Ukwuani people to the northeast.
Urhobo territory consists of evergreen forests with many oil palm trees.
The territory is covered by a network of streams, whose volume and flow are directly affected by the seasons. The wet season is traditionally from April to October, and dry season ranges from November to March.
The Urhobos are organized into two different political kingdoms, gerontocracies and plutocracies.
A gerontocracy is a government run by elders, based on the age-grade-system, while a plutocracy is governed by the rich and wealthy, with some elements of gerontocracy. Although it is not clear which kingship is older among the kingdoms, their developments reached a peak in the 1940s and 50s.
The Urhobo government structure occurs at two levels, kingdom and town. The people are organized either by elders or by the wealthy.
Urhobo indigenous governments have an Ovie (king), who is the highest political figure. The Ovie is the symbol of the kingdoms’ culture and royal predecessors. His councillors consist of the Otota (speaker), and the Ohoveworen or Okakoro , addressed collectively as Ilorogun. Other title holders are the executioners ( Ikoikpokpo ), and the warriors (Ogbu ).
Other political titles are specific to the different kingdoms. The judicial system places a clear distinction between civil and criminal offenses.
The queen, is called Ovieya , and her children are known as Ọmọ Ovie . Presently, this name is given to children without royal heritage.
Some Urhobo cultural divisions adopted titles other than Ovie. For example, the Okpe call their traditional ruler Orodje , Okere-Urhobo call theirs Orosuen , Agbarho uses
Osuivie , Orogun use Okpara-Uku ” (mainly due to their proximity with Ukwuani people ), and the Urhobos in the Olomu Kingdom call their king Ohworode . Some southern Urhobo clans and communities also practice the Odio system, which is widespread in the Isoko region .
LOCATION WHERE URHOBOS RESIDE
The bulk of the Urhobo people reside in the southwestern states of Delta and Bayelsa in Nigeria, also referred to as the Niger Delta. Ofoni is an Urhobo community in Sagbama, Local Government Area, in Bayelsa. Ofoni is about 40 kilometers by water to Sagbama . Many Urhobos live in small and major cities in regions or local government areas in
Ughelli , Warri , Abraka , Orerokpe and Sapele . Some Urhobo major cities and towns include Okparabe, Arhavwarien, Warri, Sapele, Abraka and Ughelli.
The following are local government areas where Urhobo traditional homes are located in Delta and Bayelsa:
Sagbama (in Bayelsa State)
Ikpoba Okha (in Edo State) According to report on Wikipedia
Urhobos also have large settlements in Ore, Owo and Okitipupa in Ondo State, Ajegunle and other places in Lagos State, Oro in Kwara State, as well as other clusters across Nigeria.
Festivals In Urhobo Land
The Urhobos live very close to, and sometimes in boats on the Niger river . Most of their histories, mythologies, and philosophies are water-related. Annual fishing festivals that include masquerades, fishing, swimming contests and dancing, that became part of the Urhobo heritage. An annual, two-day, festival, called Ohworu takes place in Evwreni, the southern part of the Urhobo area. During this festival the Ohworhu water spirit and the Eravwe Oganga are displayed.
Marriage In Urhobo Land
Marriage in Urhobo culture requires prayers to the ancestors (Erivwin), and God (Oghene ). The marriage ritual, known as Udi Arhovwaje, takes place in the ancestral home of the bride or a patrilineal relation of the bride.
The groom goes with his relatives and friends to the bride’s father’s home, bringing gifts of drinks, salt, kola nuts and occasionally food requested by the bride’s family. Formal approval for marriage is given by the bride’s parents, or whoever is representing the bride’s family, as are the traditional rites of pouring gin , brought by the groom, as a tribute to the father’s ancestors in order to bless them with health, children and wealth. After this marriage rite the husband can claim a refund of the money (bride price) should the marriage fail. It is believed that the ancestors witness the marriage, and only the physical body that is sent to the husband in the marriage, the Erhi (spirit double), remains in the family home. This explains why a woman is brought back to be buried in her family home when she dies.
In the ancestral home of the man, the wife is welcomed into the family by the eldest member. She is expected to confess all of her love affairs during and after her betrothal to her husband, if any, and is then absolved of them. She becomes a full member of her husband’s family after this ritual, and is assumed to be protected by the supernatural ( Erivwin). This ritual symbolizes an agreement between the wife and the Erivwin.
If the wife later becomes unfaithful, it is believed that she will be punished by the Erivwin – this is why wives are faithful to their husbands.
The Urhobo Okpo (week) is made up of four days, based on regulated market cycles, religious worship, marriages and other community life. The four days are Edewo , Ediruo , Eduhre and Edebi . Edewo and Eduhre are sacred days to divinities, spirits and ancestors. Most markets are held on these days.
On Edewo , ancestors are venerated. Most traditional religious rituals are held on Eduhre .
Spirits are believed to be active in the farmlands and forests on Edewo and Eduhre . Therefore, farmers rarely work on these days so as not to disturb the spirits.
Urhobo months are called Emeravwe and are made up of 28 days. Most of the annual festivals are held during the months of Asa , Eghwre , Orianre and Urhiori .
These are the months of harvest, when farming activity is at its lowest, so most farmers are free to partake. These are also months to honor the gods of the land, as well as spiritual forces that brought a good harvest.
Food In Urhobo Land
As with most tribes in Nigeria, certain foods are considered to belong to or originate from a particular tribe. For example, pounded yam and egusi soup come from the Yoruba’s (Eba ), and Ogbono soup , made from Irvingia gabonensis and sometimes referred to as Ogbolo soup, comes from people of Esan or Etsakor descent. Urhobos claim Ukhodo (a yam and unripe plantain dish prepared with either beef, poultry, or fish, and spiced with lemon grass and potash ), Oghwevwri (emulsified palm oil soup), and starch ( Usi ), made from the cassava plant. It is heated and stirred into a thick mound with added palm oil to give the starch its unique orange-yellow colour. Oghwevwri is composed of smoked or dried fish, bush meat, unique spices, potash and oil palm juice. Other delicacies of the Urhobo tribe are palm nut oil soup and amiedi or banga soup , often eaten with usi and or garri. Banga is made from palm kernel. Other culinary delicacies include Iriboto , Iriberhare and Okpariku .
Religion Belive In Urhobo Land
The main focus of Urhobo traditional religion is the adoration of “Ọghẹnẹ” (Almighty God), the supreme deity, and recognition of Edjo and Erhan (divinities).
Some of these divinities could be regarded as personified attributes of Ọghẹnẹ. The Urhobo also worship God with Orhen (white chalk). If an Urhobo feels oppressed by someone, he appeals to Ọghẹnẹ, who he believes to be an impartial judge, to adjudicate between him and his opponent.
Oghene is the fundamental factor and manifestation of all divinities. Urhobo divinities can be classified into four main categories, which probably coincide with historical development. These categories are Guardian divinities, War divinities, Prosperity divinities and Fertility and Ethical divinities.
Erivwin , which is the cult of ancestors and predecessors (Esemo and Iniemo ), is another important element. The dead are believed to be living, and looked upon as active members who watch over the affairs of their family. Urhobos believe in the duality of man, i.e., that man consists of two beings: physical body (Ugboma ) and spiritual body (Erhi ).
It is the Erhi that declares man’s destiny and controls the self-realization of man’s destiny before he incarnates into the world. Erhi also controls the overall well being (Ufuoma) of the man. Ọghẹnẹ is like a monarch who sets his seal on the path of destiny.
In the spirit world, Erivwin, man’s destiny is ratified and sealed. In the final journey of the Erhi , after transition, the Urhobo believe the physical body,
Ugboma , decays while the Ehri is indestructible and joins the ancestors in Erivwin. The elaborate and symbolic burial rites are meant to prepare the departed Erhi for happy re-union with the ancestors.
Despite this age-old and complex belief system, the influence of western civilization and Christianity is fast becoming an acceptable religion in most Urhobo communities. Many belong to Catholic and new
Epha divination, similar to the Yoruba Ifá and practiced by many West African ethnic groups, is practiced with strings of cowries. There are 1,261
ejo (deities), including the one-handed, one-legged mirror-holding whirlwind-god Aziza.
We Stop here and will keepbthis post updated if we have any new information
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POS Buisness Operator Taking Over First Bank Atm In Ozoro
Letter to firstbank Nigeria
Ozorogist have alot of complain from indigine/Student And everyone who find thier way to First bank Atm in Ozoro.
We don’t have much to write about than telling you how the bank have been treating the indigine and student staying in Ozoro.
When all the atm is dispensing cash, we notice the bank will lock all the atm and leave only one…
Sometimes the will lock the only Atm that’s dispensing and umlock the one that was unable To dispense Cash.
The real Cause of this situation is not about anything but
The People that Operate POS machine around the bank
Our Reporters visit the bank and a student who’s popular knw in the campus attend to us and says
They knw the student and indigine have no other choice than to use the withdraw using POS, they use it as thier buisness and cooperate with the bank so enough profit comes daily and they share with those working in the bank
The POS business women and man charge #200 per #1000 you withdraw.
If you withdraw #10,000 the will only give you #8,000 or sometime give you #9,000
We are not just fighting but it our right to let the general manager of First bank to interfare on this matter and make sure everything is put to other.
Let’s stop using taking advance of the student because we are the leader of tomorrow – by A concern Delta Student.
How To Apply For Desopadec Bursary And Scholarship Program
DESOPADEC Bursary and Scholarships Program for undergraduate from Delta State, Delta State Oil Producing Areas Development Commission (DESOPADEC), DESOPADEC Bursary and Scholarships Program Application Portal now opened for candidates either be in Second year or above (200 to 500 level) in the Universities or Be in ND II, HND I and HND II in the Polytechnics/Monotechnics and Have a CGPA of 2.20 and above in the previous academic year’s examination
Who can apply for DESOPADEC Bursary and Scholarships Program?
Applications must come from DESOPADEC mandate area. That is, they must be Ijaw, Itsekiri, Urhobo, Isoko and Ndokwa.
They must be Students currently in School either University or Polytechnic in Nigeria
They must be from 200 Level and above and
They must be full time University or Polytechnic Undergraduates in Nigeria
All candidates underneath 18 years old MUST submit JAMB registration number.
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Okere- Urhobo Leaders To Okowa: HRM Okpeki 11 Is Authentic King Of Okere- Urhobo Kingdom
Accordinly to the post on urhobo website
Leaders of Okere Urhobo Kingdom Warri have stated their position clear that there is no going back on HRH Barrister Christopher Okumagba Okpeki 11 as the Oroseun (King) of the Kingdom since he “Is still the rightful and lawfully selected and appointed Oroseun (King) of Okere Urhobo Kingdom whose process was submitted to the Delta State Government since September 2017 and still pending with the Government”
They therefore argued that since five of the Nine Kingmakers spread across the three Ruling Houses of Idama Sohworubve and Owhotemu participated in his selection and appointment process which had the blessing of the Okpako Orere ( Oldest man) of the Kingdom as laid down by the Native Law and Custom of Okere Urhobo Kingdom” We urge the Delta State Government to properly look into the said process and grant staff of Office to His Royal Highness Barrister Christopher Okumagba as Okpeki 11″
They therefore advised Senator Dr, Ifeanyi Okowa Governor of Delta State to handle the Oroseunship ( Kingship) of the Kingdom with utmost care by avoiding those who are not legally related to the matter.
Rather, according to them, this time around he should follow due process as laid down by the Custom and Tradition of the Kingdom.
The Leaders warned that, the Governor and Government of Delta State should be ” weary” of the activities of Chief Wilson O Eboh who is parading himself as the Regent of the Kingdom since according to them the Title Regent is “Alien” to the Kingdom so also the title of ” Statutory Kingmakers” As well.
In a Letter sent to His Execellency, Senator Dr Ifeanyi Okowa Governor of Delta State signed by Apostle Isaac.M.Eraivor, The Okpako Orere( Oldest man) of Okere Urhobo Kingdom and Head Of The Three Ruling Houses of Idama Sohworubve and Owhotemu and PA Churchill.O.Oki ( JP) for Sohworubve Ruling House for and on behalf of Okere Urhobo Kingdom , expressed bitterness over what they described as the ” wrongful” presentation of staff of Office to Professor Paul Okumagba” whose appointment process was rift with several irregularities” as against” HRH, Barrister Christopher Okumagba,Okpeki 11, whose selection process was in accordance with the Native Law and Custom of Okere Urhobo Kingdom with the participation of the joint three Ruling Houses”
Justifying their call on the Governor to reprimand Chief Wilson Eboh by calling him to order the Leaders went into memory lane and explained that the” Wrongful” presentation of staff of Office to Professor Paul Okumagba was championed by him and at the same time ” He is at it again by trying to mislead the Delta State Officials and members of the general public” Tthrough the media by claiming that he is the ” Regent” of the Kingdom so that he and his cohorts can install a new Oroseun by October 2019 without the participation of the Okpako Orere and the Heads of the three Ruling Houses who are the rightful and legitimate people to select,appoint and crown a new Oroseun.
The Leaders while calling on Governor Okowa not close his eyes against the many alleged atrocities committed by Chief Wilson Eboh against the Kingdom as not only asserting himself as a ” Regent” He personally selected ” Four Selected Kingmakers all from one Ruling House of Idama as Statutory Kingmakers” While challenging him to prove the law that gave him such power.He was also allegedl to have breached the mandatory three months mourning period for Royal Monarch ” Without regard to the Tradition of our kingdom made public the passing on of PROF PAUL OKUMAGBA”
They concluded by stressing that the wrongful presentation of staff of Office to Professor Paul Okumagba has led to instituting a lot of cases pending in the courts.More worrisome according to them is the threat by Chief Wilson Eboh to commence the installation of a new Oroseun ( King) by October 2019 without the” consent and approval”Of the Heads of the three Ruling Houses.”
They therefore draw the attention of Governor Okowa to the fact that Chief Eboh actions are subjudice as a result of cases in courts relating to the Oroseunship which may likely cause fracas and breach of the fragile peace not only in the Kingdom but in the entire Warri and it’s environs.
It will be recalled that His Royal Highness Barrister Christopher Okumagba was selected and appointed as Okpeki 11 of Okere Urhobo Kingdom by five of the Nine Kingmakers spread across the three Ruling Houses of Idama Sohworubve and Owhotemu with the blessing and backing of the Okpako Orere since September 2017. The process was submitted to the Delta State Government and still pending in Asaba.
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